The Mexican Hairless
Here's the test - can you pronounce this? Its real name is Xoloitzcuintle, or Xolo for short, and this name translates to ‘God Dog' in Mexico where it is a native and the national dog.
The breed has existed in Mexico for 3000 years and like all hairless dogs was a spontaneous hairless mutation of indigenous American dogs. Their value in ancient native culture is evidenced by their frequent appearance in art and artifacts produced by the Colima, Aztec and Toltec civilizations of Mexico.
The breed ranges in size from 4-20kg - toy, miniature and standard. They have similar appearance to the Pharoh Hound with a sleek body, almond shaped eyes, large bat-like ears, a long neck and the dominant trait of hairlessness. The recessive gene trait will produce a coated variety and most litters have a mixture of both. The hairless are generally black or blue/grey and unlike their coated litter mates do not have a complete set of teeth.
While its physical structure is similar to the sight hound, its personality is similar to a fox terrier. They are intelligent, high energy, inquisitive and have strong hunting and social instincts. It is said however that they are not emotionally mature until around 2 years of age. Like the terrier breeds, and in fact all dog breeds, they need calm, consistent and loving obedience training and regular socialisation during their growth years. Well raised Xolo's will bond strongly with the family and any behaviour problems generally stem from the dog not receiving adequate supervision, mental stimulation or exercise.
The Xolo is not prone to any health concerns in particular however due to originating in tropical climates they are obviously not suited to the cold weather and should be considered an indoor dog. They need bathing, light grooming and skin care but care should be taken not to ‘over-do' these things, as further skin problems can arise.